Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability

[CEST2019_00863] Agroforestry Innovations Networks in Europe
by Mosquera-Losada M.R., Rodríguez-Rigueiro F.J., Ferreiro-Dominquez N., Pantera A., Santiago-Freijanes J.J.

Agroforestry (AF) is a climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practice of deliberately integrating woody vegetation (trees or shrubs) with crop and/or animal systems to benefit from the resulting ecological and economic interactions. It is recognized as a proactive “negative emissions technologies” (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPCC) 1.5SR) that can foster sustainability in the current changing climate conditions. However, there are knowledge gaps to be filled regarding agroforestry, as well as bottlenecks and challenges.

Session: 47, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 11:45 to 12:00
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00864] Understory evolution related to organic fertilization in a silvopastoral system established under Pinus radiata D. Don. in an acidic soil
by Mosquera-Losada M.R., Rodríguez-Rigueiro F.J., Santiago-Freijanes J.J., Rigueiro-Rodríguez A. , Ferreiro-Domínguez N.

Mixed pasture establishment is considered as a key point to increase livestock production due to the higher quality it has compared with unmanaged shrubby species. They also provide a set of ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration and higher biodiversity. Moreover, herbaceous pasture establishment effectively contributes to biomass production while replacing shrubs therefore reducing forest fire risk. Two of the main factors promoting the establishment of the herbaceous pasture are sowing and fertilisation.

Session: 47, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 12:00 to 12:15
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00865] Pasture biodiversity after five years of establishment of a walnut silvopastoral system fertilized with different types of sewage sludge
by Arias-Martínez D., Mosquera-Losada M.R., Rigueiro-Rodríguez A. , Ferreiro-Domínguez N.

Silvopasture is the combination of woody vegetation with forage and animal production on the same land that allows the diversification of agricultural income and productivity. In the silvopastoral systems, the fertilisation with sewage sludge could increase tree growth and pasture production at the same time that the pasture biodiversity is modified.

Session: 47, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 12:15 to 12:30
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00836] The AGROF-MM ERASMUS+ Educational Project
by Papadopoulos Α., Pantera Α., Burriel C., Nouallet G., Herdon M., Tamas J., Lamaison M., Musquar C., Seeman M., Atanassova S., Grozeva N., Escural J.M., Fico F., Devernay S., Levasseur E., Lavoyer S., Balaguer F., Papanastasis V., Mantzanas K., Fotiadis G.

Agroforestry is a traditional land use system that may represent the answer to many present and future environmental problems. However, many farmers who practice agroforestry do not identity it as agroforestry nor even accept such identification. So far, there is has not been an organized training method on agroforestry apart the Agrof MM method. The Agrof MM, "Agroforesterie – Formation - Mediterannee et Montagne", was a 3-year KA-2 ERASMUS+ educational project that aimed to i. Train between 130 and 150 agricultural professionals in Europe, ii.

Session: 47, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 11:30 to 11:45
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00811] Impact of nitrogen fertilization on nodulation and symbiotic efficiency of indigenous Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains
by Sikora S., Abrlić J., Rajnović I. , Kajić S.

Nitrogen fixation is a beneficial microbial process that greatly contribute to sustainable agricultural production and environment protection. Soil bacteria, collectively named rhizobia, are characterized by their unique ability to induce the formation of root nodules in which they convert molecular nitrogen into a usable form for plants. Soybean plants require a large amount of nitrogen for their development and achievement of high seed yields. The use of high quality rhizobial inoculants strives to optimize nitrogen nutrition of soybean with minimal environmental impacts.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 10:30 to 10:33
Flash presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00833] The Effect of Intercrop on Soil Properties of an Agroforestry System in Kea - Greece
by Pantera Α., Papadopoulos Α., Fotiadis G., Kapsalis D., Papaporfyriou P., Papaspyropoulos K.

Valonia oak is the most widespread tree species found in the Aegean island of Kea - Cyclades. It forms traditional agroforestry systems since intensive agriculture is not easily practiced in the island due to the xerothermic climate and the rough terrain with steep slopes. This system has traditionally supported the local economy by its multiple products while respecting the environment. In almost all the cases, it is found in traditional terraces which were constructed since ancient times by local farmers.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 10:15 to 10:30
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00794] Εffect of summer drought in the natural regeneration of valonia oak
by Papadopoulos A., Pantera A., Fotiadis G.

This paper presents an initial attempt to investigate the effect of drought in the mortality of valonia oak (Quercus ithaburensis subsp. macrolepis) seedlings and young saplings in a silvopastoral system in western Greece. The experiment was conducted in fenced experimental plots where the number of seedlings and young samplings was measured in May and October before and after the dry summer period for the years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018.

Session: 47, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 12:33 to 12:36
Flash presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00722] Quantification Of Soil Properties From Hyperspectral Data For Sustainable Agriculture Using Deep Learning
by Singh S., Kasana Singara S.

The characterization of soil properties is critical for optimizing farming for sustainable agriculture. All the existing techniques for soil quantification do not take advantage of the sequential nature of Hyperspectral Data. This work focuses on proposing a Hybrid Framework that can quantitatively assess the soil properties from Hyperspectral data by extracting the essential features via Principal Component Analysis and Locality Preserving Projections.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 09:45 to 10:00
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00723] Estimation of Soil Organic Carbon for Sustainable Agriculture using Deep Learning
by Singh S., Kasana Singara S.

The organic carbon percentage is concomitant indicating the mineralization of nutrients and the ability of the soil to hold nutrients cations, structural stability, and water holding capacity. It is necessary to know the quantity of carbon for healthy soil and avoid the production related problems which can affect the sustainable agriculture model. In existing approaches, to quantitively calculate soil carbon, sample collection and in-situ laboratory testing are performed.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 10:00 to 10:15
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00612] Photosynthetic response of spring oilseed rape to heat, drought, nutrient deficiency and combined stress
by Dikšaitytė A., Viršilė A., Januškaitienė I., Žaltauskaitė J.

This study aimed to determine the photosynthetic response of spring oilseed rape to heatwave (HW), drought, nutrient deficiency (N-D) and combined stress. HW and drought acted in a different manner. Under both adequate and deprived soil nutrient conditions, in the presence of adequate water supply, HW up regulated the photosynthetic performance of rape. However, drought-induced stress was highly exacerbated under HW, leading to the incomplete recovery that was additionally impaired by nutrient deficiency.

Session: 47, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 12:30 to 12:33
Flash presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00547] Microwave communication networks as a sustainable tool of rainfall monitoring for agriculture needs in Africa
by David N., Gao H.O., Kumah K.K., Hoedjes J.C.B., Su Z., Liu Y.

Commercial Microwave Links (CMLs), that provide the underlying framework for data transfer between cellular network base stations have been found effective for monitoring rainfall. Wireless infrastructure of this kind is deployed widely by communication providers across Africa and can be used as a complementary monitoring device to the sparse proprietary resources that exist currently, and at minimal cost, or as a substitute tool in the many cases where alternatives do not exist.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 09:30 to 09:45
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00136] Aerial Spectral Index Analysis For Differential Management Zone Delineation In A Maize Field
by Tsakmakis I.D., Panagopoulos S.G., Gikas G.D., Sylaios G.K.

Inhomogeneities of soil properties are responsible for within-field variations on the growth and final yield of crops. In this paper the variations of a Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) field map, obtained through a camera mounted on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, were correlated with soil and plant properties measured in a typical maize cultivated field. Subsequently, the perspective of organizing the field into differential management zones through the NDVI was evaluated.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 09:15 to 09:30
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability
[CEST2019_00093] Tolerance of Moringa oleifera to Water Stress
by Boumenjel A., Pantera A., Ammari Y.

Moringa oleifera (Lam) is a fast growing tree that is gradually getting more attention for it numerous uses. It is often called "natural gift" or "miracle tree" because of its many nutritional, forage, medicinal and industrial potentialities. Moringa oleifera appears to be a promising multipurpose species for use under a changing climate. To test possible adaptation potential and / or tolerance of Moringa oleifera to water stress, an experiment was conducted under semi controlled conditions.

Session: 41, Room: E, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 09:00 to 09:15
Oral presentation in Agroforestry, Forest and Agricultural Sustainability