Desalination

Desalination

Title: Recent advancements in water desalination

The world population has continued to grow exponentially in recent times, and this growth places a huge burden on the available water resources. Seawater desalination has been progressing quite significantly, especially in arid or semi-arid regions. However, and despite the growth of the desalination market worldwide, desalination technologies are facing several challenges with respect to the variation in water quality, and the stringent regulations and standards. Thermal desalination has been predominant over the past years, nonetheless, membrane-based technologies such as reverse osmosis, and other emerging technologies such as membrane distillation, forward osmosis, and capacitive deionization seem to be the future of desalination worldwide. Furthermore, the integration between renewables and desalination has driven many governments and researchers to develop solar/wind/nuclear-based processes so as to reduce the overall energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Brine volume minimization is another important aspect of desalination that has been taken into consideration through which several methods have been proposed. This session highlights the recent advancements in desalination processes. Special topics include:

 

  • Pressure-driven desalination technologies such as MF, UF, NF, FO and RO
  • Thermal desalination technologies such as MD, MSF, MED
  • Electricity driven desalination technologies such as ED and CDI
  • Renewable energy desalination technologies
  • Hybrid and emerging desalination technologies
  • Membrane synthesis and characterization
  • Nanomaterials and membranes
  • Brine management and brine volume minimization

Conveners:

Marwa Shalaby, National Research Centre, Egypt (marwashalaby_4@yahoo.com)

Dr. Shadi W. Hasan, Center for Membrane and Advanced Water Technology, Khalifa University, UAE (shadi.hasan@ku.ac.ae)

 

 

Number: 
1.5