Heavy metals in the environment

[CEST2019_00964] Effects of heavy metals accumulation on the growth and essential oil content of Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L’Her).
by Patrolea E., Nıkoli T., Loupasaki S., Grigorakis S., Lydakis-Simantiris N.

The objective of this study was to investigate the accumulation of Cd, Ni and Pb in the aboveground and underground parts of Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L’Her), as well as the effect on the plant’s content of essential oil. A pot experiment was conducted using four different levels of Cd, Ni or Pb, in five replications. Analyses of the aboveground tissues were conducted after 10 and 14 weeks of exposure. At the end of the experiment, aboveground and underground biomass of the plants was air dried until constant mass. Samples were analysed with ICP for their heavy metal content.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 12:45 to 13:00
Oral presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00816] Arsenic uptake in bean and cabbage grown in silty and sandy soil and irrigated with arsenic containing water
by Sandil S., Dobosy P., Kröpfl K., Füzi A., Óvári M., Záray G.

The uptake of arsenic was studied in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L.) in an open greenhouse pot culture with sand and silt soil as substrate. The plants were irrigated with water containing sodium arsenate at concentrations 0.05 and 0.2 mg As L-1. The total arsenic concentration of the different plants parts was determined by ICP-MS, following microwave-assisted acid digestion. The As concentration in the bean was in the order: root>shoot>bean pod and in cabbage: root>leaves.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:21 to 12:24
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00720] Sources and transfer of Cu, Hg and Pb into marine food webs using innovative tracers (metal stable isotopes, trophic markers): results of a pilot study in a French coastal area
by Chouvelon T., Araujo F.D., Bouchoucha M., Briant N., Bruzac S., Crochet S., Knoery J., Ponzevera E., Rozuel E., Sireau T., Thomas B., Amouroux D., Berail S., Brach-Papa C.

Copper (Cu), mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) are elements and contaminants of historical and emerging concerns in coastal environments. Although Cu is considered essential for living organisms, it is bioactive in a narrow range of optimal concentrations. Hg and Pb have no known biological role and are considered toxic towards organisms. Marine consumers incorporate and bioaccumulate these metals mainly through trophic pathways, which are then important to delineate.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:24 to 13:27
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00583] Tissue-specific TfR Expression in Organs of Immature Mice After Chronic Exposure to CoCl2
by Gluhcheva Y., Petrova E., Pavlova E., Tinkov A.A., Ajsuvakova O.P., Rashev P., Vladov I., Skalny A.V.

Cobalt (Co) has significantly increased its concentration in the environment in the last years due to anthropogenic and industrial activities. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of chronic cobalt chloride (CoCl2) exposure on transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) in various organs of immature mice. Pregnant ICR mice were subjected to daily dose of 75 mg/kg body weight CoCl2x6H2O 2–3 days before they gave birth and treatment continued until day 25 after delivery. The compound was dissolved and administrated with drinking tap water.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:15 to 13:18
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00584] Cobalt and Phosphorous Recovery from Semiconductor Wastewater through Homogeneous Crystallization of Cobalt Phosphate in a Fluidized-bed Reactor
by Bayon L., Ballesteros F., Segura-Garcia S., Lu M.-C.

Semiconductor manufacturing involves distinct processes that generate complex wastewater streams that require treatment before it proceeds to the main wastewater effluents. The present study utilized fluidized-bed crystallization to recover resources from the combined synthetic wastewater of chemical-mechanical polishing and etching processes. The study aims to determine the operational conditions to achieve optimum recovery and removal. Maximum removal and granulation of ~99.0% and 96.07% were realized at pHi range of 7.75 – 8.0 and [PO43-]/[Co2+] ratio of 2.0, respectively.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 12:30 to 12:45
Oral presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00588] Comparative effects of salinomycin and meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) on lead-induced impairment of reproductive function in male mice
by Pavlova E., Kamenova K., Gluhcheva Y., Petrova E., Ivanova Ju., Atanassova N.

Lead (Pb) directly targets testicular spermatogenesis and also the sperms in the epididymis inducing reproductive toxicity. In our study we compare the effects of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) and tetraethylammonium salt of salinomycinic acid (Sal) on testis morphology, sperm count, Pb content, endogenous levels of calcium, copper, zinc and iron in testis of mice, subjected to Pb intoxication. Both chelating agents considerably reduced Pb content in the testis compared to the toxic control.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:18 to 13:21
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00494] Research on the ability of urban trees to retain heavy metals.
by Vordoglou M., Samara T., Tsitsoni T.

The purpose of the present research was to study the ability of urban trees’ leaves to retain heavy metals. Three major heavy traffic streets of Thessaloniki were chosen. Two tree species were studied: Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle and Catalpa bignonioides Walt. and 360 leaf samples were collected from 20 trees. The selection of the species was carried out according to their leaf morphology and silvicultural characteristics. Also, for each tree were measured: breast diameter, tree height, crown height, crown’s diameter and then crown volume was calculated.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 12:15 to 12:30
Oral presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00476] Mercury in Eisenia fetida and soil in the vicinity of a natural gas treatment plant in northern Croatia during the last ten years
by Prevendar Crnić A., Zgorelec Ž., Srebočan E., Kisić I.

In this study total mercury concentrations in earthworms and in different soil types at the same locations from the surroundings of four boreholes were analyzed by ICP-MS method, as a part of a comprehensive monitoring of the eco-system in the vicinity of the natural gas production and treatment plant Molve in northern Croatia. The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of mercury in the collected samples from 2009 to 2019, monitor its changes over a last ten years period and determine the bioaccumulation of total mercury in earthworms from the soil.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:12 to 13:15
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00428] Acid generation and heavy metal leachability from waste lignite disposal sites, Oropos basin, North Attica. An assessment on preliminary data.
by Kampouroglou E., Kollias K., Arvaniti L., Stouraiti C., Papassiopi N.

Lignite mining in the Oropos Neogene basin (North Attica), especially in the areas of Milesi and Markopoulo, operated since last century and ceased in the late 1960’s. Piles of complex waste material consisting of lignite tailings and waste rocks are dispersed in the area between the above mentioned mining sites. Environmental characterization of waste piles is performed by applying leaching tests (EN12457, EN15875) as well as bulk geochemical analysis. Mineralogical study revealed that pyrite is the dominant sulfide phase in local wastes.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:09 to 13:12
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00328] Effect of oxygen functional groups on mercury retention in activated carbons
by Sotiropoulou R.E.P., Serafidou M., Skodras G.

Two commercial activated carbons (F400 and RWE) were tested for their Hg° retention capacity, in order to elucidate shortcomings that still exist, with respect to the oxygen functional groups. The number and the nature of oxygen containing functional groups were altered by heating under H2 at 1100°C or treatment with HNO3. The activated carbons tested were found suitable for mercury retention and the observed differences are attributed to their diversified characteristics (surface chemistry and pore structure).

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:06 to 13:09
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00334] Nano-iron based coated biomass as packing material in fixed-bed reactors for Lead removal from wastewater: experimental and mathematical modelling
by Vilardi G., Verdone N., Di Palma L.

The lead pollution of natural environments is considered a severe issue due to the high toxicity and mobility of lead ionic species. The present study deals with the removal of Pb(II) ions from synthetic wastewater by means of iron-based coated hazelnut shells, used as packing material in lab-scale fixed bed columns. The biomass was coated through the direct precipitation of nano-iron oxide nanoparticles and demonstrated a notable Pb(II) sorption capacity.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 12:00 to 12:15
Oral presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00168] The effect of the presence of zinc on the precipitation of CaCO3 from supersaturated solutions
by Natsi P., Moystaki E., Koutsoukos P.

Precipitation and dissolution processes of calcium carbonate in natural aquatic systems, are responsible not only for the regulation of pH but also for the transport of pollutants to and from sediments. Of interest in these processes, is the role of the presence of heavy metals in the aquatic environment. In the present work the mechanism of calcium carbonate formation from supersaturated solutions in the absence and presence of zinc (II) was investigated at 25°C, pH 8.50, 0.1M NaCl, at conditions of constant supersaturation.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 11:45 to 12:00
Oral presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00106] Biomarkers responses in Salmo salar exposed to multicomponent metal mixtures
by Sauliutė G., Stankevičiūtė M., Makaras T.

Pollution of freshwater from industrial, domestic and agriculture sources is one of the major factors responsible for the decline of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations in Europe. Biomarkers responses (bioaccumulation, glucose content, cytogenetic and behavioral endpoints) elicited by the most common metal contaminants at Maximum-Permissible-Concentrations (MPC: Zn – 0.1, Cu – 0.01, Ni – 0.01, Cr – 0.01, Pb – 0.005 and Cd – 0.005 mg/L) accepted for the inland waters in EU was assessed in fish after 4 h, 1, 2, 4, 7, 14 or 28 days of exposure.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 11:30 to 11:45
Oral presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00024] Elevated CO2 in air changes photosynthetic response of Hordeum vulgare and Bromus secalinus to cadmium pollution in soil
by Januskaitiene I., Diksaityte A.

The aim of this study was to investigate the response of photosynthetic system and growth of summer barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and rye brome (Bromus secalinus L.) to different cadmium concentrations effect under elevated CO2 in atmosphere.

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:00 to 13:03
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment
[CEST2019_00089] Neuro-, geno- and cytotoxicity responses in mussels Anodonta cygnea after six metals mixture treatment
by Butrimavičienė L., Kalcienė V., Stankevičiūtė M., Jokšas K.

Concerning toxicity, bioaccumulation and persistence in the aquatic environment, six metals such as Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb and Cd are attributed to priority hazardous substances in many countries throughout the world (Water Framework Directive 2008/105/EC; US EPA 2009).

Session: 10, Room: D, at Thu, 09/05/2019 - 13:03 to 13:06
Flash presentation in Heavy metals in the environment