[CEST2019_00518] Degradation of Cylindrospermopsin using Advanced Non-Thermal Plasma Technologies
by Schneider M., Rataj R., Kolb J.F., Bláha L.
Session: 11, Room:
The application of non-thermal plasmas in wastewater and air purification received a lot of attention, but their potential application in drinking water treatment has scarcely been investigated. Classified as Advanced Oxidation Processes, plasmas ignited in water or at the air-water interface generate a vast range of reactive species capable of removing water contaminants.
The efficiency to degrade cylindrospermopsin (CYN, cyanobacterial toxin) was compared for six different plasma sources. A spark discharge showed the most energy-efficient degradation, followed by the other investigated systems, which showed similar trends.
Two approaches were selected for further in-depth study of the degradation efficiency and underlying mechanisms. For a follow-up detailed study, a corona-like and a dielectric barrier discharge were selected based on the CYN degradation efficiency, usability of the reactors and plasma-chemistry. For the corona-like plasma, the degradation efficiency increased with increasing voltage and solution pH. After 15 min of plasma treatment at pH ≥ 7.5, degradation of CYN even progressed without further plasma application. The pH-dependency was not observed for the dielectric barrier discharge (DBD), whose degradation efficiency increased with decreasing operating voltage. The corona-like plasma promotes degradation primarily via OH, whereas the DBD produces mainly O3 and NOx.
Thu, 09/05/2019 - 12:00 to 12:15
Oral presentation in Advanced oxidation processes