Session 39 - ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

[CEST2019_00339] Microbiological diversity and microbial related risks at Wawel Royal Castle in Krakow, Poland
by Pyzik A., Dyda M., Wiłkojć E., Winiewicz-Wolska J.

We propose the installation of holiday camps equipped for research activities to study behavioral therapies and at the same time offer immediate help for families or individuals that suffer from modern technology pathologic use. An ideal setting could be a region that abstains from wireless modern technology networks and provides facilities to consume addictive technology under controlled conditions. Currently we are looking for a Greek island that can be dedicated to the project.

Session: 39, Room: C, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 10:15 to 10:30
Oral presentation in ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
[CEST2019_00306] Air pollution exposures and respiratory health in 5-year-old children
by Ntarladima A.M., Vaartjes I., Grobbee D.E., Dijst M., Schmitz O., Uiterwaal C., Dalmeijer G., Van Der Ent C., Hoek G., Karssenberg D.

Background: Growing evidence indicates that respiratory health in children is related to air pollution. Most of previous studies rely on residential air pollution estimates to represent individual exposure; however, there is evidence that residential estimates tend to misclassify exposure. Aim: This study aims to assess the relations between air pollution exposures and respiratory health (asthma, wheezing and lung function) by applying a sophisticated exposure assessment technique. Methods: The study relies on a Dutch cohort and includes 733 children. The prevalence of asthma and wheezing and the spirometry measurements were determined at the age of 5. The annual average concentration maps of Particulate Matters and Nitrogen Oxides that we used in the study were derived from the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects. To assess individualized air pollution exposures an updated exposure assessment technique was applied. Results: This study did not show significant associations between air pollution exposures and the studied health outcomes in the 5-year olds. For example, after adjusting for possible confounders, the ORs were 1.2 (95% CI: 0.86, 1.61) and 1.2 (95% CI: 0.87, 1.64) for wheezing prevalence for NOx and PM2.5 respectively.

Session: 39, Room: C, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 10:00 to 10:15
Oral presentation in ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
[CEST2019_00266] Effect of anthropogenic sources on total particles and Cloud Condensation Nuclei levels in the Eastern Mediterranean
by Kalkavouras P., Zarmpas P., Bougiatioti A.,Mihalopoulos N.

The absorption and scattering of radiation by atmospheric aerosol particles, especially those originating from anthropogenic activities, is a key component of anthropogenic climate change. Aerosol particles also act as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) “indirectly” forcing climate through the modification of cloud properties and precipitation efficiency. The activation of particles to form CCN depend highly on particle size and chemical composition and differs upon location and proximity to sources. Particle number size distributions, aerosol chemical composition and CCN measurements were performed at two sites in the Eastern Mediterranean, namely a remote background site at Finokalia, Crete and an urban background location downtown Athens, Greece. The aim of the study is to characterize the levels and distribution of total aerosol particles (CN) and CCN in the different environments and analyse the role of anthropogenic sources in the measured levels

Session: 39, Room: C, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 09:45 to 10:00
Oral presentation in ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
[CEST2019_00207] Microbial Concrete: A step towards mitigating the climate change and global warming at micro level
by El Morabet R., Khan R.A., Alasiri M.

The post-industrial revolution anthropogenic activities are mainly responsible for Pollution worldwide. This pollution is recognized globally in terms of Global warming and Climate change as their resultant impacts are felt worldwide. The world-wide effort for mitigation of climate change and global warming are in place but are ineffective and not enough to overcome the pollution in Urban landscapes. This necessitates the requirement of a system and methodology that can be applicable in a sustainable manner without disturbing the Urban Landscapes. The present study analysis the potential of microbial concrete in terms of Carbon dioxide sequestration for King Khalid University Campus. The study found that the microbial concrete panel effectively reduced carbon dioxide in range of 2-3% from ambient air quality. Since the microbial concrete is an inbuilt part of the building it can be installed without hindering the Urban Landscape and change in user pattern. The microbial concrete is a green, sustainable and environment friendly solution to changing urban dynamics air quality.

Session: 39, Room: C, at Sat, 09/07/2019 - 09:30 to 09:45
Oral presentation in ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH