Session 24 - Climate change mitigation and adaptation

[CEST2019_00888] Soil erosion as a consequence of climate change
by Hupková D.

The climate change and relevant negative impacts are currently widely discussed topic. The agricultural soil erosion represent the risks generated also by agricultural activities reflected in soil quality. Rapid climate change can cause the instability of most agricultural and forest ecosystems. Climate change is expected to affect the conditions under which agricultural production is done in many ways. In Slovakia, agricultural soils are potentially at risk of water erosion of varying intensity. Wind erosion is not a serious problem in Slovakia in recent years.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:00 to 10:15
Oral presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00785] Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) & Indicators: Managing Drylands under Climate Change Conditions
by Potamianou N., Papadopoulou C.-A., Papadopoulou M.P., Charchousi D.

The future sustainable development constitutes a critical issue at a global scale. It builds upon the concepts of combating poverty & inequality, mitigating climate change impacts as well as protecting natural & cultural resources through innovation & adoption of eco-friendly solutions. It is a human-centric approach that places people at the core of its priorities. Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have now been set by the United Nations (UN) for the year 2030, each accompanied by a set of indicators measuring their performance.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:33 to 10:36
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00605] Coal ash zeolite as a self-catalytic-chemisorption system for conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons
by Boycheva S., Zgureva D.

In our study, initial attempts on the convertion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons based on the catalytic activity and the atmospheric moisture-retaining ability of coal fly ash derived zeolites (FAZ) are provided. The experimental investigations on the CO2 chemisorptions were performed in a static reactor at pressure of 5.5 MPa over FAZ of Na-X type. The conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons was established by IR-spectroscopic and differential thermal studies.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:30 to 10:33
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00573] Thermal Swing Adsorption in a Carbon Capture System
by Zgureva D., Boycheva S., Miteva S., Lazarova H., Marinov I., Popova M.

In the last years, the post-combustion capture of CO2 based on physical adsorption has been extensively studied in terms of economy, ecology, and process efficiency. The industrialization of the process involves the construction of adsorption columns in which adsorption and desorption mass transfer occurs. Each one solid-gas system has individual mass and heat transfer properties. In this study, the adsorption and desorption processes in the fly ash zeolite (FAZ) - CO2 system were investigated in dynamic conditions.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:24 to 10:27
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00590] Comparative studies of the equilibrium adsorption of CO2 onto coal ash zeolites Na-X and Na-Ca-X
by Boycheva S., Marinov I., Miteva S., Zgureva D.

Coal-fired Thermal Power Plants (TPPs) are the main source of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, but they also generate huge amounts of solid by-products, including fly ash (FA). Thanks to its aluminosilicate nature, FA is investigated to be converted into zeolites for applications in gas cleaning systems. The development of technologies for CO2 capture by fly ash zeolites (FAZ) will provide a join solution for the two main ecological problems concerning coal supplied TPPs, namely utilization of solid residues and implementation of carbon capture technologies.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:27 to 10:30
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00568] Heat of Adsorption in the Fly Ash Zeolite – CO2 System at Dynamic Conditions
by Zgureva D., Boycheva S., Marinov I., Miteva S., Asenov A.

Recently, the global warming is one of the major world problems considering that coal-fired power generation accounts for 40 % of the total CO2 emissions. The post-combustion capture of CO2 based on physical adsorption has the greatest potential to meet the industrial needs. The nature of the adsorption processes is complex and is described by many empirical constants that are determined experimentally for individual contact systems.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 09:45 to 10:00
Oral presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00529] The Influence Of Danube River Hydrographic And Thermic Factors On Fish Stocks Dynamics In Razim-Sinoe Lagoon System
by Chioveanu M.C., Simionov I.A., Patriche N., Tenciu M., Dragomir E., Cristea V., Minzala D.N.

The Romanian fishing areas extends over 7000 km2 and 50% of the numbers of authorized fishers conduct their activities in the Danube areas. Inland fisheries are highly important for income, food security and nutrition. Inland peri-rural fisheries face degradation due to climate change. According to the European Commission, the dominant factor driving the change in water resources in Danube River basin is climate change. Global mean surface temperatures have increased, fact which causes a constant increase in water temperature as well.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:21 to 10:24
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00478] A web-based GIS tool for environmental footprint estimation of agribusinesses
by Hliaoutakis A., Papadopoulos S.N., Kydonakis A., Doula M.K., Papadopoulos N., Sarris A.

The deterioration of environmental quality and vulnerability to climate change of the Balkan Peninsula are escalated by the lack of specific financial and strategic measures that can promote sustainable resource management. Environmental problems of the Balkan countries need to be addressed under a unified context targeting the development of common strategies to improve environmental quality and reach European and international markets. To this end, the INTERREG project “Towards farms with zero carbon-, waste- and water-footprint.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:18 to 10:21
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00296] The role of sustainability rating systems in delivering infrastructure and building engineering’s contribution to climate change mitigation and adaptation
by Venables R.K.

working on infrastructure and buildings to assess what relevant action they should be taking in their designs and construction. In parallel, scientists working on construction or environment-related topics often need guidance on the key construction areas that need further investigation to assist with the challenges derived from the need for climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 09:30 to 09:45
Oral presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00094] An Analysis of the Expected Climate Change Effects in the Vicinity of the Main Harbors from the Black Sea
by Rusu L.

The objective of this work is to analyze the dynamics of the environmental matrix in the context of climate change in the vicinity of the main harbors from the Black Sea. The main environmental parameters considered for analysis are wind and waves. The climatic wind fields provided by the Rossby Centre regional atmospheric model are analyzed until the end of the 21st century, considering the results corresponding to the Representative Concentration Pathway scenario 4.5. These wind fields are used to force a wave modelling system based on the SWAN (Simulating Waves Nearshore) model.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 10:15 to 10:18
Flash presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00120] Reactivation of former watercourses to support urban stormwater management
by Simperler L., Glanzer M., Ertl T., Kretschmer F.

In recent decades many urban water courses have been heavily modified by land gaining measures aiming at canalising, straightening and draining existing water systems. Additionally, urbanisation causes a higher degree of sealing which results in higher surface runoff during rainfall. To support related problem-solving, the presented work investigates the question of whether the reactivation of former water courses could make a positive contribution to urban stormwater management.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 09:15 to 09:30
Oral presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation
[CEST2019_00053] Assessment of Concrete Footpath Upheavals in Heatwaves
by Bradford M.

Most concrete footpaths are cast without steel reinforcement and in segments between bituminous joints, with the joints intended to accommodate thermal expansions of the pavement. However, a combination of prolonged heatwave conditions and the ingress over time of material into the joints produces a situation in which the thermal movements are not in the plane of the pavement, but instead the pavement experiences an upheaval buckle. Within a framework of global warming and heatwaves, assessments of the potential for such buckles which pose a risk to safety are essential.

Session: 24, Room: F, at Fri, 09/06/2019 - 09:00 to 09:15
Oral presentation in Climate change mitigation and adaptation